All Doctors, Dentists Pharmacists and Allied Health Professionals who wish to practice in Gibraltar must first register with the Board. Registration is not only required by law, but also is a pre-requisite by insurers of medical indemnity and therefore practice without registration can result in severe penalties, which may include imprisonment and civil damages.
Possession of registration with regulatory bodies from other countries (including the UK) is not sufficient for this purpose.
The Government has enacted laws, by which any registered medical practitioner (a Doctor) who wishes to practise in Gibraltar must be in possession of a valid licence issued by the General Medical Council of the United Kingdom (GMC). It also requires that the registered medical practitioner should comply with any requirements as to revalidation which are required by the GMC. If the GMC withdraws or suspends the Licence, the practitioner will have to cease practising in Gibraltar.
The new law, called the Licence to Practice & Revalidation Rules (2014), was passed in January 2015. It provides for a transition period for doctors who are unable to obtain a Licence. After 1st March 2019 all doctors, unless exempt, must obtain a Licence to Practice by the GMC to be able to practice medicine in Gibraltar.
Dental services in Gibraltar are provided by Registered Dental Practitioners who are either in salaried employment in the Gibraltar Health Authority or in private dental practice as self-employed.The Gibraltar Medical Registration Board is the registering body for Dentists and Dental specialists.The Board in general shadows the UK’s General Dental Council in matters of ethical policy and adopts its published guidance as its own framework of professional guidelines for registered dental practitioners registered with it.
The Board in general shadows the UK’s General Pharmaceutical Council in matters of ethical policy and adopts its published guidance as its own framework of professional guidelines for registered medical practitioners registered with it. The Board has adopted the General Pharmaceutical Council’s guidelines, Standards of Conduct, Ethics and Performance (September 2010) as its own code for registered Pharmacists.
Allied Health Professionals (AHP)
The Government has also enacted laws regulating the professions and protecting the titles of a number of health professions and professionals (collectively known as Allied Health Professionals). The titles of professions are protected under law and under the law no one can practice the profession nor claim to provide the services of the profession unless that person is accordingly registered with the Gibraltar Medical Registration Board. Again, as with Doctors, persons wishing to practise one of the Allied Health Professions in order to be registered by the Gibraltar Medical Registration Board must be registered by the appropriate UK regulator.
Below is a table of these professions together with their legally protected title.
|Regulated profession||Protected titles|
|Arts Therapist||Art Therapist,Art Psychotherapist,
|Biomedical Scientist||Biomedical Scientist|
|Chiropodist and Podiatrist||Chiropodist
|Clinical Scientist||Clinical Scientist|
|Dental Hygienist||Dental Hygienist|
|Dental Technician||Dental Technician|
|Dental Therapist||Dental Therapist|
|Dispensing Optician||Dispensing Optician|
|Hearing Aid Dispenser||Hearing Aid Dispenser|
|Occupational Therapist||Occupational Therapist|
|Operating Department Technician||Operating Department Technician|
|Orthodontic Therapist||Orthodontic Therapist|
|Orthotist and Prosthetist||Prosthetist Orthotist|
|Practitioner Psychologist||Clinical Psychologist,
|Speech and LanguageTherapist||Speech and Language Therapist,
Services provided by health professionals established in other European Union counties and the European Economic Area.
European regulations covering the mutual recognition of qualifications permit professionals holding qualifications in the appropriate profession to have these qualifications recognised and enable these professionals to practise their profession in Gibraltar without registration even if they are not based in Gibraltar but in another European Union country or a country in the European Economic Area. This is permitted provided they do so only on a temporary and occasional basis. These practitioners must however advise the MRB of the starting and ending dates of their period of the provision of services on each and every occasion. The MRB will review the occurrences of these services and if it considers that they are not temporary and occasional, the Board can prohibit further practice on this basis in Gibraltar and require registration with the MRB in accordance with the law to continue practising.